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authorBen Cheng <bccheng@google.com>2014-03-26 05:37:19 (GMT)
committerBen Cheng <bccheng@google.com>2014-03-26 05:37:19 (GMT)
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Initial checkin of GCC 4.9.0 from trunk (r208799).
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+Compatibility test suites that use lib/compat.exp test interoperability
+of two compilers that follow the same ABI, or of multiple sets of
+compiler options that are not intended to affect binary compatibility.
+They do not test conformance to a formal ABI; they check that things are
+done consistently, not that they are done correctly. They are meant to
+complement ABI test suites, not to replace them.
+
+Each test in these suites splits up functionality into two source files
+that can be compiled with two different versions of GCC and with two
+sets of compiler options.
+
+ Override the default pairs of compiler options (from compat.exp) by
+ defining the environment variable COMPAT_OPTIONS as:
+ COMPAT_OPTIONS="[list [list {tst1} {alt1}]...[list {tstn} {altn}]]"
+ where tsti and alti are lists of options, with "tsti" used by the
+ compiler under test and "alti" used by the alternate compiler. The
+ characters "[", "{", "}", and "]" are really in the string, as in
+ "[list [list {-g} {-O3}] [list {-O3} {-g}]]".
+
+ To use an alternate compiler, define the environment variable for the
+ language you're testing; e.g., for C++ define ALT_CXX_UNDER_TEST to be
+ the full pathname of an installed compiler. That will be written to
+ the site.exp file used by DejaGNU. The default is to build each test
+ with the compiler under test using the first of each pair of compiler
+ options from COMPAT_OPTIONS. When ALT_CXX_UNDER_TEST is "same", each
+ test is built using the compiler under test but with combinations of
+ the options from COMPAT_OPTIONS. If the alternate compiler needs a
+ different setting for LD_LIBRARY_PATH, specify it in the environment
+ varible ALT_LD_LIBRARY_PATH. If it needs different options to build
+ a shared object, define those in ALT_SHOBJ_OPTIONS.
+
+ Normally, only a small amount of compatibility tests is run.
+ Setting RUN_ALL_COMPAT_TESTS=1 in the environment before running the
+ testsuite enables running all compatibility tests, but might take
+ significantly longer than it takes without this variable.
+
+To run only the C++ compatibility tests, optionally specifying an
+alternate compiler and/or sets of options, do from $objdir/gcc:
+
+ rm site.exp
+ make -k ALT_CXX_UNDER_TEST=<prefix>/bin/g++ \
+ ALT_LD_LIBRARY_PATH=<prefix>/lib \
+ COMPAT_OPTIONS="list as shown above" check-c++ \
+ RUNTESTFLAGS="compat.exp"
+
+A test that fails when the pieces are compiled with different compilers
+but passes when the pieces are compiled with the same compiler
+demonstrates incompatibility of the generated code or runtime support.
+A test that fails for the alternate compiler but passes for the compiler
+under test probably tests for a fix that is not present in the alternate
+compiler.
+
+There's a lot more that can be done with these tests.
+
+ Increase the robustness of the existing tests:
+
+ - recognize target triples in dg-options strings in test files
+
+ - continue to split up tests that rely on language runtime support
+ and add them to this set of tests
+
+ - make sure they work for testing with a simulator
+
+ - multilibs support?
+
+ Build test pieces into more combinations that will be likely to find
+ unusual errors:
+
+ - link using the alternate compiler; this requires support for
+ LD_LIBRARY_PATH for the alternate compiler in the support for each
+ language
+
+ - build pieces of the test into static libraries; this requires
+ knowledge about how to build a static library for each target
+
+ Continue to add tests to g++.dg/compat, based on existing tests for
+ language runtime support and for test cases in PRs that didn't used to
+ fit into the test suite.
+
+ Set up similar tests in libstdc++-v3/testsuite.
+
+ Set up similar tests for additional languages and libraries.
+
+Janis Johnson, <janis187@us.ibm.com>
+October 2002
+
+
+Copyright (C) 2002-2014 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+
+Copying and distribution of this file, with or without modification,
+are permitted in any medium without royalty provided the copyright
+notice and this notice are preserved.