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authorSean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>2019-08-22 21:11:22 (GMT)
committerThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>2019-08-23 15:38:13 (GMT)
commitb63f20a778c88b6a04458ed6ffc69da953d3a109 (patch)
tree441f5f74ffbd63dc0fc02d48682e8c4d42288fcc
parent7846f58fba964af7cb8cf77d4d13c33254725211 (diff)
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x86/retpoline: Don't clobber RFLAGS during CALL_NOSPEC on i386
Use 'lea' instead of 'add' when adjusting %rsp in CALL_NOSPEC so as to avoid clobbering flags. KVM's emulator makes indirect calls into a jump table of sorts, where the destination of the CALL_NOSPEC is a small blob of code that performs fast emulation by executing the target instruction with fixed operands. adcb_al_dl: 0x000339f8 <+0>: adc %dl,%al 0x000339fa <+2>: ret A major motiviation for doing fast emulation is to leverage the CPU to handle consumption and manipulation of arithmetic flags, i.e. RFLAGS is both an input and output to the target of CALL_NOSPEC. Clobbering flags results in all sorts of incorrect emulation, e.g. Jcc instructions often take the wrong path. Sans the nops... asm("push %[flags]; popf; " CALL_NOSPEC " ; pushf; pop %[flags]\n" 0x0003595a <+58>: mov 0xc0(%ebx),%eax 0x00035960 <+64>: mov 0x60(%ebx),%edx 0x00035963 <+67>: mov 0x90(%ebx),%ecx 0x00035969 <+73>: push %edi 0x0003596a <+74>: popf 0x0003596b <+75>: call *%esi 0x000359a0 <+128>: pushf 0x000359a1 <+129>: pop %edi 0x000359a2 <+130>: mov %eax,0xc0(%ebx) 0x000359b1 <+145>: mov %edx,0x60(%ebx) ctxt->eflags = (ctxt->eflags & ~EFLAGS_MASK) | (flags & EFLAGS_MASK); 0x000359a8 <+136>: mov -0x10(%ebp),%eax 0x000359ab <+139>: and $0x8d5,%edi 0x000359b4 <+148>: and $0xfffff72a,%eax 0x000359b9 <+153>: or %eax,%edi 0x000359bd <+157>: mov %edi,0x4(%ebx) For the most part this has gone unnoticed as emulation of guest code that can trigger fast emulation is effectively limited to MMIO when running on modern hardware, and MMIO is rarely, if ever, accessed by instructions that affect or consume flags. Breakage is almost instantaneous when running with unrestricted guest disabled, in which case KVM must emulate all instructions when the guest has invalid state, e.g. when the guest is in Big Real Mode during early BIOS. Fixes: 776b043848fd2 ("x86/retpoline: Add initial retpoline support") Fixes: 1a29b5b7f347a ("KVM: x86: Make indirect calls in emulator speculation safe") Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190822211122.27579-1-sean.j.christopherson@intel.com
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h2
1 files changed, 1 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
index 109f974..80bc209 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
@@ -192,7 +192,7 @@
" lfence;\n" \
" jmp 902b;\n" \
" .align 16\n" \
- "903: addl $4, %%esp;\n" \
+ "903: lea 4(%%esp), %%esp;\n" \
" pushl %[thunk_target];\n" \
" ret;\n" \
" .align 16\n" \